Academia, Instructional Design, Multimedia, Research, Writing

Publication in the IJDL: “Nursing Pain Assessment & Management: A 3D Interactive Simulation”

Journal Article Published in the International Journal of Designs for Learning

Title: “Nursing Pain Assessment & Management: A 3D Interactive Simulation”

Authors: Enilda Romero-Hall, Ginger S. Watson, Yiannis Papelis, Hector Garcia



In this design case, a team developed a 3D interactive simulation for nursing students and professional nurses to train and practice pain assessment and management procedures. In the simulation environment, the trainees interact with three emotionally expressive animated patients. The three patients vary in their ethnicity, age, and emotion intensity. Successful completion of the scenario requires that the trainee perform of a series of pain assessment and management tasks.  The trainee is evaluated on the efficiency and appropriate sequencing of the tasks.

The purpose of this paper is to describe the decisions made regarding the type of virtual patients used, the clickable objects, the pain assessment interview protocol, the visual representations in the simulation and the web portal. The paper also provides insight into the processes and steps taken during the design and development phases of this 3D interactive simulation including: the tasks analyses, motion capture, validation of the animations in the simulation, programming, and other tasks.



Academia, Research, Writing

CFP: Special Issue of Springer’s Smart Learning Environments Journal

Call for Papers
Special Issue on “the state of the art in smart learning” in Springer’s Smart Learning Environments Journal

[Open Access Journal: Publication fee will be waived for accepted papers]

Full papers due : 20 July 2014
Feedback to authors: 31 August 2014
Revised papers due: 25 September 2014
Special issue publication: December 2014

J. Michael Spector, University of North Texas, USA
Marcus Childress, Emporia State University, USA

The International Association for Smart Learning Environments establishes a broad interpretation of what might constitute a smart learning environment. A learning environment may be considered smart when it makes use of adaptive technologies or when it is designed to include innovative features and capabilities that improve understanding and performance. Furthermore, a smart learning environment might include support for collaboration, struggling learners, and motivation. In addition, a flexible learning environment that automatically makes appropriate adjustments to what a learner knows, has mastered, and wants to learn next can be considered smart.

Specific characteristics of a learning environment that indicate smartness include (a) conversational support for learners, teachers and designers, (b) dynamic updating of student profiles, resources and databases, and (c) automatic [re-]configuration of interfaces to adjust to different learners and learning situations. In short, a smart learning environment has many of the same characteristics that one might find in an experienced and effective human tutor.

Researchers, practitioners, and industry professionals strive to design and develop smart learning environments to reform teaching and learning. The innovative use of new pedagogical approaches and technologies is leading to the evolution, design and implementation of smart learning environments. With a goal of establishing a direction for future research on smart learning environments, this special issue of Smart Learning Environments seeks academic articles on the current state of smart learning environments, including innovative uses of emerging pedagogical approaches and technologies, and research efforts on smart learning environments.

The length of the paper should be 5000-7000 words. Submission guidelines are available at:

For further information about the journal, please refer to:

With regards,